Between October 1941 and the end of
March 1942, Warships Weeks were organised in cities, towns and villages
throughout Great Britain. The intention was to raise a sum by
investment or deposit in all types of war savings representing the cost
of building one of His Majesty’s ships ranging from the smallest to the
largest vessels. Once the target had been raised the community adopted
the vessel along with its crew and the bond was strengthened by
presentations in recognition of the money raised. Adoption plaques were
presented by the Admiralty to the community and a plaque presented by
the community to the adopted vessel. Links were maintained by the
writing of letters and the provision of comforts and whenever possible
visits were arranged to the adopting area.
Most of the V&W Class
destroyers in commission with the Royal Navy were adopted during the
Warship Week scheme and in a number of cases local sea cadet units
later took the name of the ship. To
find more about Warship Weeks see Peter Schofield’s article on‘National Savings and Warship Weeks’.
This swing bridge across the River Weaver at Northwich was built in 1899 Copyright Reserved
Western Morning News
Tuesday 13 January 1942
A letter from the Admiralty congratulated the area on reaching its
financial objective in Warship Week, and hoped steps would be taken to
establish relationship between the vessel to be adopted and the
Manchester Evening News
Tuesday 19 October 1943
More veterans than any other ship of her size in the RN is the boast of HMS Witch
an 18-year old destroyer adopted by Northwich. Among her ratings
are 19 men who are more than 40 years of age. Oldest of the
veterans is Leading Stoker L. Anderson (50) of Tavistock,
Saturday 6 November 1943
HMS Witch: The vessel has been adopted by Northwich in Cheshire, a plaque from which is proudly displayed in her wardroom.
Penzance and Northwich compete to adopt the Witch!
This advertisement for their Warships Week appeared in The Cornishman on Thursday 13 November 1941 the day before the son of the CO of HMS Witch was born at Northwich in Cheshire
Penzance raised £240,000 to adopt HMS Witch in 1941 The Cornishman !3 November 1941
HMS Witch (D89) was commanded by Lt Cdr Cecel H. Holmes RN Imperial War Museum A1453
Father and son at the end of the War
Lt Cdr C. H Holmes was born at Seoul, Korea, and Jasper at Northwich
On the 29 January 1942 readers of The Cornishman learned that they were not to adopt HMS Witch,
their first choice, and the ship for which they had raised
£240,269 during their Warships Week in November 1941, but HMS Foresight,
an F Class destroyer completed in May 1935. HMS Witch
would be adopted by Northwich in Cheshire where the first born son of
her CO was born on 14 November 1941. This decision was naturally
resented by the people of Penzance who had spent so much time promoting
Warships Week and collecting National Savings for her adoption.
Just over six months later on 12 August 1942 HMS Forseight was attacked by Italian Torpedo Bombers in the Sicilian Narrows during Operation Pedestal to relieve Malta, was badly damaged and had to be sunk by HMS Tartar. HMS Witch fought on and survived the war and went to the ship breakers at Granton on the River Forth in 1946.
Northwich was a "Company Town" dominated by Imperial Chemical Industries
In 1873, John Brunner and Ludwig Mond built Winnington Works in
Northwich, Cheshire, and began producing soda ash. Sodium carbonate
(soda ash) is the main constituent of glass and Bicarbonate soda (baking soda) is a
by-product of sodium carbonate.
Martin Ashcroft, Managing Director of Tata Chemicals Europe, describes why the industry developed at Northwich:
have been making it by the same process since the 1890s. The raw
materials you need for soda carbonate are brine – we sit on top of salt
reserves in Cheshire and the link is still there today. You also need
water, and we have the river Weaver. The other material is limestone,
which comes from about 40 miles away in Derbyshire. We have reserves
up to the year 2340."
In 1926, Brunner Mond was one of the four main companies that merged to form the monolithic Imperial Chemical Industries
(ICI) and as Ashcroft explained:
“It was part of ICI from 1926 to 1991 when ICI
divested the business. It produced soda ash for the best part of a
century. It was virtually everyone’s livelihood around here. The houses
and schools were built by ICI. That was largely what the business was
about until bicarbonate came in."
The boom years came to an end with the exploitation of natural soda ash
deposits in Africa, ICI broke up in the 1990 and the Alkali Division
was bought by Tata Chemical in 2006. Soda Ash is no longer produced at
Winnington, the business is now based on the production of Sodium
The archive of Bruner Mond (including 18,000 employee records) in the
basement of Mond House in Northwich are now part of the wider archive
of ICI in the Historical Archive at the Catalyst Museum
in Widnes where they are looked after by Judith Wilde, the former
Archivist at Brunner Mond. An ongoing digitisation programme will widen
access to the collection, an essential resource for researchers into
company, local and family history.
Warship Week in Northwich
The ICI Alkali Division made a significant contribution to the £394,022 raised by
Northwich during its Warships Week from 7 - 14 March
1942. This was £150,00 more than Penzance but according to the
Admiralty this was not the reason why Northwich adopted HMS Witch
instead of Penzance. The reason given by the Admiralty to The Cornishman for her adoption by Northwich was "because of her Commanding Officer's connections to that place".
The CO of HMS Witch from 4 May
1941 to July 1942 was Lt.Cdr. Cecil Hamilton Holmes, RN (1906-81).
Cecil Holmes was born in Seoul, Korea, where his father was working at
the British Legation, on 18 March 1906. Cecil was one of four children,
born in Japan where his father retired as His Majesty's Consul-General
at Yokohama and was awarded the Companion of the Order of St Michael
and St George (CMG) by King George V in his 1928 birthday honours. This
seems very remote from Northwich but his father's family came from
Ireland and he was born near Liverpool, not that far from Northwich.
Cecil Holmes was 13 when he joined the Royal Navy in 1919 and by 1929 was a Lieutenant. At his own request he was sent to Japan to study the language from 1933-6. His family tree
has been traced by Nina Challenor and can be seen on Ancestry. By 1937
he was a Lt Cdr and on 20 January 1940 was appointed CO of HMS Scout, an S Class Destroyer based at Hong Kong, his first command. He was 33 and travelled to Hong Kong on the liner Aeneas with his 21 year old Danish wife, Lisbet Kampmann.
Lisbet was pregnant when he returned to Britain to take command of HMS Witch
on 4 May 1941. Their son, Jasper Hamilton Holmes, was born at Northwich
on 14 November 1941 which explains why he wanted Northwich to adopt his
ship but not why his son was born there. No family connection has been
found but the ports on the Mersey and the Clyde were heavily bombed and
his pregnant wife would be safer in this small Cheshire town with a
rail service from Liverpool, the HQ of Western Approaches Command.
HMS Witch was escorting a
return convoy from North America when the birth took place and Lt Cdr
Holmes describes below how he heard the news:
"We had just got into Derry and were topping up with fuel and I was
having my first bath for ten days when there was a tap at the door from
the Yeoman of Signals:
'From Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches to HMS Witch, It's a boy. Both doing well'. 'Yippee, tht's wonderful Yeo. Go and tell the Wine Steward to give you a very large drink on me.'
And that's how I heard of my son Jasper's birth a week late!"
Posters and souvenir programmes were printed to promote Warships Week and encourage personal savers and companies to support the
National Savings programme.
The two local newspapers carried
reports on events and the money raised. Cheshire Archives and
Local Studies provided copies of articles published by the Northwich Guardian on 13th (on left) and 20th March (right) but the quality of the microfilming is poor.
ICI Alkali Division in this
"company town" invested heavily. Sir Frank Spickernell (1885-1956) joined the Navy
as a clerk but became Paymaster-Commander and Secretary to Admiral Lord Beatty, CiC of the
After the war he carved out a second career in
business with ICI and in 1927 became Private Secretary to Alfred Mond,
the Company's first Chairman. He was a strong supporter of the
Northwich Warship Week and presented cheques from ICI for £71,000 and
£43,000 during events held in the Bath Hall, since demolished. The
swimming pool was boarded over for the dance at which the wife of Lt
Cdr Holmes the CO of HMS Witch,
was a guest, and a grand parade was held through the town. The Crescent
Players production of the Walter Haskett comedy “Ambrose Applejohn’s
Adventures” was a popular show. The list of the amounts raised by the
various post offices in the Northwich area encouraged districts to
compete with each other. “One of Northwich’s own boys was an officer onboard" - but his name was not given by the Northwich Guardian. When the target set was reached a radiogram was sent to the commander and crew of HMS Witch: “Northwich done it. Splice the mainbraces". After
the success of Warships Week a ceremony would have been held at which
the Admiralty presented a replica of the crest of HMS Witch
mounted on a wooden shield to the two councils and they presented
the crest of the town cast in lead and mounted on shield made of steel. The Admiralty shield is similar to
those presented in other towns and cities but the immensely heavy town
crest is quite different from any I have seen and clearly intended to
be bolted onto the ships structure where it would be exposed to the
elements and seen by all the crew members. It has been in store - not
on display - at the Weaver Hall Museum and Workhouse (better known locally as the "Salt Museum") for many years. I would like to hear from older residents of Northwich who remember their Warships Week. After leaving HMS Witch Lt Cdr Cecil Hamilton Holmes was based at HMS Tana, the shore base at Mombassa, Kenya, from 1942-3 and then joined the HMS Lanka
in Colombo, Ceylon, as Deputy Chief of Intelligence Staff so it looks
as if the Navy had found a use for his knowledge of Japanese.He
stayed on in the Navy until the age of 50 when he retired as a
Commander in 1956. His only son led a very different life from that of
his father but is in poor health. Kate Holmes sent me a copy of her father-in-law's entertaining memoir A Sailor Remembers which includes a chapter on his time as CO of HMS Witch.
Hunts Lock on the Weaver Navigation with the Weaver Railway Viaduct carrying trains to Liverpool Youtube
The Sea Cadet Unit at Northwich
Training Ship Witch
The Northwich Sea Cadet Unit was formed in 1942 and adopted the name TS Witch for its Training Ship. Councillors and Sea Cadets may have visited HMS Witch
when she was based in Gladstone Dock at Liverpool escorting Atlantic
convoys or at Rosyth when she was escorting convoys from the
Firth of Forth to Sheerness on the Thames estuary between May 1944 and
the end of the war.
Bob Edwards joined the Northwich Sea Cadet Unit in 1952 and recalled:
"We had two dories and a couple of whalers from HMS Witch
and on Regatta Day we towed them with a motor boat up through Hunts
lock and helped out where we could. The motor boat was an old ship's
lifeboat we built cabins into with an old petrol engine, a Ford 100 E
side valve if my memory is correct." What happened to the two whalers? Bob Edwards recalled that the two whalers from HMS Witch "were broken up at Hunts Lock and used for firewood, I presume by the lock keepers".
Were these the two whalers used to rescue the crew of the Independence Hall when
she ran aground on the Newfoundland Banks in Nova Scotia, Canada, in
March 1942? Lt Cdr Holmes described the rescue in his memoir A Sailor Remembers and on this website.
The photograph (left) was taken at the Boat Show in 1966 - link to a close-up of the officers. PO Bob Edwards is on the left next to Chris Watkins, the son of Walter Watkins, an Arctic Convoy veteran of HMS Onslow,
and a member of the Committee which included included Mr Crill (an ICI
manager) and the physics teacher from Sir John Deane's Grammar
School (Mr Ellis).
In 1980 ICI gave one of its eight small coasters built by W J Yarwood
& Sons Ltd at Northwich to carry its soda ash from Winnington along
the Weaver Navigation to Runcorn on the Mersey, to the
Sea Cadet Unit at Northwich. Yarwoods built a thousand small ships
between 1861 and 1966 at its shipyard on the Weaver. She was named after James Jackson Grundy (1880-1953), the popular manager of the ICI Alkalii Distribution Centre but was now known as TS Witch and became the first permanent home of the Sea Cadet Unit as reported in Mond Mail. Northwich gave the shield bearing the crest of HMS WItch to the Sea Cadet Unit and it hung in TS Witch at its berth on the River Weaver. Lt Cdr Booth, the CO of TS Witch, did his sea training in HMS Witch, a further link between the two.
Northwich Sea Cadets merged with the Winsford & Middlewich Sea Cadets in 2001 and the TS Witch was sold to private owners. She reverted to her original name, the James Jackson Grundy,
and was put back to work transporting grain from Liverpool Docks to
Sutton Mill Quay at Frodsham. She achieved wider fame and was viewed by
thousands when in 2012 she carried the giant puppets of the little girl
and the diver in the Liverpool Sea Odyssey. Since then she has been sold again and
is now a very ugly houseboat at Chiswick Mall on the Thames. The shield
and its crest were saved by John Tackley, the Chairman of the River
Weaver Navigation Society, who tried to buy the former TS Witch and put her on display alongside the Anderton Boat Lift which links the Weaver Navigation to the Trent and Mersey Canal.
am hoping to be contacted by founder members of the Northwich Sea Cadet
Unit in 1942 with more details of the early years of the the unit and
with HMS Witch.
Plans to display the shield presented to Northwich by the Admiralty and the plaque presented by the town to HMS Witch
at the Remembrance Day Service in St Helen Witton Church in 2020 came to nothing
when the Lockdown forced cancellation of the Service
Others who helped tell
this story include
Duncan Wilks, Nick Colley, Bob Edwards, Judith
Wilde, Kate Cernik and Cheshire Archives and Local Studies plus Jasper and Kate Holmes, Dr Peter Schofield and Nina Challenor
If your family lives in Northwich ask your parents and grandparents if
they remember Warships Week
or served in the Sea Cadet at Northwich And e-mail what you find out to Bill Forster
The plaques exchanged by the Admiralty and Northwich Urban and Rural District Councils after the adoption of HMS WItch
The ship's crest of HMS WItch presented to Northwich by the Admiralty The Council gave it to TS Witch, the Northwich Sea Cadet Unit, formed in 1942 Courtesy of the present owner John Tackley
< The inscribed plate on the shield presented to Northwich
The inscribed plate on the shield presented to HMS Witch >
The crest of Northwich cast in lead and mounted on a steel plate presented to HMS Witch The plaque was returned after the war and is in the Weaver Hall Museum & Workhouse Courtesy of West Cheshire Museums
We are also keen to hear from the people of Northwich about the links established between the town and their adopted ship
The Anderton Boat lift built in 1875 raised narrow boats 50 ft from the Weaver Navigation to the Trent and Mersey Canal The Winningtom Soda Ash Works in the background on the river manufactured soda ash from Derbyshire limestone and Cheshire salt Copyright Reserved