Wolsey was one of six Thornycroft W-Class destroyer built at Thorneycroft's Woolston
shipyard on the opposite side of the River Itchen from Southampton. Wolsey,
the first Royal Navy ship of that name, was ordered on 9 December 1916
as part of the 10th Order of the 1916–1917 Naval Programme. She was
launched on 16 March 1918, completed
on 14 May 1918 and commissioned the same day. Her original pennant
number of G40 was changed to D35 and in September 1920 to D98. Pennant
Numbers painted on ships' hulls are often used to date photographs but
can be misleading - see below.
In 1919 Wolsey served with
the 4th Destroyer Flotilla in the Baltic. She was with the Home Fleet
in 1920 but transferred to the Mediterranean in 1921. In 1926 she went
to the China station and was pivotal in preventing the Chinese from
taking over the British river steamer SS Kutwo
after she collided with a Chinese troop carrying launch which sank in
the Yangtze River. She returned to the Mediterranean and went into
reserve at Malta in 1928.
HMS Wolsey was taken out of
reserve in 1938 and converted to a WAIR anti-aircraft destroyer at the
Royal Navy Dockyard at Valletta, Malta. Wolsey
was still undergoing her conversion and refit when war began on 3
September 1939. In January 1940 she began post-conversion acceptance
trials and pre-deployment work-ups at Malta. With all work completed on
21 January 1940, her pennant number was changed to L02, and she was
selected for service in home waters.
After her arrival at Liverpool, Wolsey
was assigned to Western Approaches Command and began convoy escort and
patrol duty in the Western Approaches. On 10 May 1940, she was
transferred to Dover Command to support Allied military operations
during the German offensive into France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the
Netherlands that began that month. Twenty year old AB Albert Howe,
an orphan trained at Barnado's Russell-Cotes Naval School, was was lost
st sea on the night of 15 May. She was one of two WAIR converted V
& Ws which took part in Operation Dynamo which brought the troops
of the BEF back from the beaches and North Mole at Dunkirk. On 30 May an RAF officer, Flt Lt Gordon Leslie MacIntyre, joined Wolsey on "day trip" to the East Mole at Dunkirk and took some remarkable photographs. Wolsey collided with the SS Roebuck near Bray Beach off Dunkirk at 0730 on 31 May.
Wolsey entered the Royal Navy
Dockyard at Plymouth on 3 June for repairs. Upon completion, she began
convoy defence operations and anti-invasion patrols in the North Sea in
July 1940. In August 1940, she returned to convoy escort duty in the
Western Approaches under Western Approaches Command.
In January 1941, Wolsey was
transferred to the Rosyth Escort Force based at Rosyth, Scotland, to
escort coastal convoys in the North Sea and Northwestern Approaches. By
October 1941, these duties increasingly included operations to
intercept German motor torpedo boats – S-boats, known to the Allies as
"E-boats" – before they could attack the east coast convoys from Rosyth
to the Thames. Wolsey was
"adopted" by the civil community of Spennymoor in County Durham,
England, in a Warship Week national savings campaign in December 1941. John Kenneth Dixon (JX350561)gives a brief account of the two months he spent on Wolsey
following the "tramlines" along the East Coast and facing the dangers
of E-Boat Alley at the foot of this page. She continued on convoy
escort and patrol duty in the North Sea without
further major incident until the surrender of Germany in early May
After Germany's surrender, Wolsey supported Allied forces reoccupying Norway, and on 14 May 1945 she accompanied HMS Wolfhound to Stavanger. She joined the V & W destroyer HMS Vivacious (D36) in escorting minesweepers as they cleared the entrance to Stavanger.
Lt.Cdr. Sydney Alexander Cuthbert, RN (Jul 1943 - 31 Dec 1943)
Lt. Frederick William Hayden, RN (31 Dec 1943 - mid 1945)
Gunner Frederick William Benoy DSC (joined 2 Feb 1940) Lt G. Blackler, the XO (28 Nov 1939) Lt William D. O'Brien RN (Dec 1939 - April 1940)
Temp Surg Lt R Dowie RNVR (joined 11 April 1940)
S.Lt J.W. France RNVR (joined 20 Nov 1939)
Lt J.B. King-Church (joined 1 May 1940)
Temp S.Lt A.V. Stubbs RNR (joined 2 Feb 1940)
S.Lt A.R. Taudevin RNVR (joined 20 Nov 1939) Sub Lt John Mervyn Tommey RNVR (26 October 1944 - July 1945)
Warrant Eng Charles "Harry" West (j17 April 1939 - 16 Dec. 1941)
Former full members of the V & W Destroyer Association who served in HMS Wolsey A. Beer (Maidenhead), W. Fairbrother
(Richmond, North Yorkshire), W. Flett (Edinburgh), P.J. Taylor
(Gravesend, Kent), F. Walklett (Stoke-on-Trent)
Please get in touch if you knew one of these men or had a family member who served in HMS Wolsey
Denmark? Or Germany? The Schleswig Plebiscite on 14 March 1920
HMS Sesame (D98) has a superficial resemblance to a V & W but is an S Class destroyer She was sent to Flensburg on the Baltic to monitor the Plebiscite on the boundary between Germany and Denmark Identification courtesy of Jim Bryce author of the guide to Pennant Numbers on the website of the Commsmuseum
Image courtesy of Museum Sønderjylland
Lord Palmerston famously said that only three people ever properly understood the Schleswig-Holstein question.
was Prince Albert, who was dead, the second a Danish statesman, who had
lost his mind, and the third was himself, who had forgotten everything
Altona is a suburb of Hamburg but for 300 years from 1640 to 1867 it
was part of Denmark and the exact boundary between the two countries was only
finally resolved by holding a plebiscite in the northern part of
Schleswig-Holstein on 14 March 1920. I initially thought HMS Wolsey was
sent to the naval base and port of Flensburg on the Baltic to observe
the plebiscite but her Pennant number only changed to D98 after the plebiscite, probably in September when Sesame was placed in Reserve at Devonport and her Pennant Number assigned to Wolsey.
The outcome was predictable with the Danish speaking
area in the North voting to leave Germany and become part of Denmark
and Flensburg, the largest town, and the German speaking area to the
south voting to remain part of Germany. The two languages are widely
spoken both sides of the frontier and the people of Hamburg and Altona
take their holidays on the islands on the North sea coast irrespective
of country. My sister in law lives in Altona but met her partner while
studying Danish in Denmark and their family feel at home in both
countries. The native language is neither German or Danish but Friesian
on the North sea coast and Plattdeutch on the Baltic.
Last year was the centenary of the Plebiscite but the creation of the
European Union made the border between Germany and Denmark largely
irrelevant since there are no restrictions on the flow of people or
trade between the two countries. Their identity as separate nations is important to both countries but based history, culture and language
Mr Frederick W. Benoy, Warrant Officer (Gunner) told by his son, who was baptised in the ship's bell!
"I was baptised in HMS Wolsey's ships bell, in the wardroom of the Wolsey, docked at RNB Rosyth, on 24/2/42.
I have tried to track down the bell, but without success."
Mr Frederick W. Benoy, Warrant Officer (Gunner), on the bridge of HMS Wolsey As far as known Wolsey was not at Narvik and WO Benoy did not receive a Bar to his DSC Courtesy of his son, Derek Benoy
Four distant snspshots taken from Wolsey during the evacuation of the BEF from Dunkirk An unidentifoed plane resembling a Beaufighter with "too close for comfort" written on reverse "French tanker on fire" - on reverse
V & W Class Destroyer - I26?
Ships on far horizon
The ship's officers of HMS Wolsey in 1940 From left to right:
Sub.Lt A.R. Taudevin RNVR, Surg Lt R Dowie RNVR (with glasses),
Gunner Frederick W. Benoy (identified by his son), Lt G. Blackler, the
XO (identified by Chris Blackler, his son); the CO, Lt.Cdr. Colin H. Campbell (seated),
an unidentified Sub Lt is followed by Warrant Engineer Charles Harry West (M34943) identified by his Grandson, David West; the more mature looking officer on the far right has not been identified. Your help in providing further details of their lives and identifying the remaining officers would be appreciated
These photographs were sent to me by Derek Benoy who was born during the war and baptised in 1942 in the inverted bell of his father's ship, HMS Wolsey. His father, Frederick Willliam Benoy, was born at
Plymouth on 17 October 1914, the son of a naval artificer, and served in the Navy for thirty years:
"My dad was in the RN from leaving school until he retired in 1959 - 60, ie boy and man. He joined HMS Wolsey from HMS Vanity,
a V & W destroyer, in January 1940 and left her in 1942 to join the
staff of the Gunnery School at Devonport, back home in Plymouth. From
1943 to the end of the war he served in HMS Curzon, a new Captain Class Frigate built in the USA. After the war he had a mixed career, including blowing up wartime wrecks off (and out of) Grimsby (as captain of HMS Bern), Divisional Officer at Chatham barracks, experimental minesweeping, at home and abroad (as captain of HMS Skye), from Rosyth/Port Edgar, finishing his career as Sea Cadet Area Officer for Scotland and Northern Ireland."
On leaving the Navy as Lt Cdr Frederick W. Benoy after thirty years service:
became a Personnel Officer for an electrical company in Paisley and
then Personnel Officer for Scottish and Newcastle Breweries at
Fountainbridge, Edinburgh. After that, he led a quiet but busy life in
a large, rambling country house near Edinburgh and served for a time as
launching officer for the South Queensferry lifeboat station on the
Firth of Forth. He died on 10 September 1991".
Sadly, no details of his service in HMS Wolsey are recorded other than the award of the Distinguished Service Cross after the evacuation of the BEF from Dunkirk.
On 26 May 1940, Wolsey was assigned
to Operation Dynamo, the evacuation of Allied troops from the beaches
at Dunkirk, France. She embarked evacuees from small craft offshore on
27 May and disembarked 102 evacuated troops at Dover on 28 May. She
delivered another 315 troops from Dunkirk at Dover on 29 May. On 30
May, she made two evacuation voyages, carrying 616 troops to Dover on
the first one and 1,065 on the second. Someremarkable photographs taken by a young RAF officerillustrate the events of that day.
On 31 May while at Dunkirk, she
suffered damage when a fire broke out in her degaussing equipment and
in a collision with a merchant ship, but despite her damage she
deployed offshore to serve as a wireless transmitter link between
Dunkirk and Dover and later in the day landed 425 evacuated troops at
Dover. She carried another 535 troops from Dunkirk to Dover on 1 June
before being withdrawn from evacuation operations later in the day for
The following extracts from the Report of Proceedings written by Lt.Cdr. Colin
Henry Campbell RN (see in group photograph above), the CO of HMS Wolsey at Dunkirk, are taken from The Royal Navy at Dunkirk: Commanding Officers' Reports of British Warships In Action During Operation Dynamo (Casemate, 2017).
Ordered to Dunkirk and berthed alongside Felix Faure Jetty. Embarked 200 walking wounded.
Sailed for Dover at 2105, and disembarked wounded at Admiralty Pier, finally securing to buoy at 0230.
Sailed for Downs to instruct Hospital Ships Isle of Thanet and Worthing to Dunkirk, calling at Dover en route. Wolsey had
to lead them as they did not have the necessary charts. Arrived 1430.
Embarked 180 Officers and Officers of the Army GPO and other non
combatants. Ships sailed in company at 2045. The Hospital Ships were
ordered to Newhaven.
Wolsey disembarked troops at Admiralty Pier, finally securing at buoy at 0415/24.
Wolsey proceeded to Le Havre with Windsor with demolition parties. On return Wolsey was ordered to load ammunition for Calais but this was subsequently cancelled. On proceeding to a buoy Wolsey fouled the fixed boy of the West Entrance Boom and destroyed the ASDIC dome.
To Calais with Wolfhound and carried out bombardment of the road to seaward of the Scouring Basin.
Returned to Dover at 1850.
At 1930 ordered to Dunkirk as WT Link. Fog encountered on passage but
finally secured Felix Faure Jetty at 2350. (LW 2157 3.4 ft, HW 0329
Shifted berth to allow transports to come alongside. Remained under way
in anchorage, but found communications with Shore Signal Station
difficult and berthed alongside East Pier at 0700. Calculated that ship
could remain alongside until one hour before low water but at 0915
found that water was getting shallow and as an air raid began at 0930
to move to the anchorage immediately. (LW 1017 3.4ft).
Grounded propellers and eventually hauled off by French Tug at 1030.
It is interesting that Wolsey grounded her propellers on the same tide as Wolfhound is believed to have done so, though Wolfhound is not mentioned as arriving until 1800.
Remained in anchorage for rest of day, maintaining V/S contact with
Shore Signal Station with great difficulty due to dense clouds of smoke
and almost continuous air raid. Ship was at action stations all
day, over 70 rounds per gun being fired. Wolsey claims to have downed one plane, but not confirmed. Anchorage bombed six times but no bombs fell dangerously close to Wolsey.
1800 Wolfhound arrived and went alongside (HW 1553 16.4ft). Wolsey and Wolfhound then anchored as close as possible inshore and embarked troops from the beach.
Both ships sailed at 0100/28, Wolsey bringing back approximately 150 troops.
Oiled and ammunitioned ship
Sailed for Bray Beach by route “Y”. Arrived 2300. Boats were
immediately lowered and embarkation of troops
Sailed for Dover with 500 troops.
1100 Wolsey ordered to proceed to Sheerness in company with Vivacious and Vimy.
Sailed from Sheerness at 1830 for Operation FD, but this was cancelled
by Admiralty and Wolsey returned to Dover. Remained alongside while one
rating who had been injured by a berthing wire was discharged to
Sailed for Dunkirk. Secured alongside East Pier at 0915 (HW 0623 15.6f,
LW 1252 4.6ft). Embarked approximately 800 troops and returned to
Dover. Disembarked troops and again proceeded to Dunkirk at 1525 (HW
1858 15.4ft). Again secured to East Pier and embarked approximately
1060 troops, returning to Dover at 2235 . Troops disembarked and Wolsey oiled. A young RAF officer, Gordon MacIntyre, took some remarkable photographs on one of the two crossings HMS Wolsey made that day.
Embarked Colonel Blake RAMC and medical stores and sailed for Bray Beach.
In collision with TS Roebuck.
Berthed East Pier to land Colonel Blake and stores and proceeded to
Bray Beach (HW 0733 15.6ft). After embarking 40 troops and two hours,
ordered alongside by Codrington. Secured alongside, embarked 500 troops (LW 1400 4.4ft). Returned Dover at 18 kts and disembarked troops.
Slipped from Admiralty Jetty and returned to Dunkirk (HW 2005 15.6ft).
While inside Dunkirk Harbour and proceeding alongside East Pier
Wolsey’s DG Coil fused and caught fire. This may possibly have been due
to a shell splinter, as Dunkirk was being shelled at the time. Embarked
600 troops while the Electric Light Party endeavoured to repair the DG
Coil. At 2330 the Electrical Artificer reported that he had done all he
could and that the coil was 30% efficient. Considered the risk
justifiable and having announced repairs complete sailed for
Dover at 12 knots. Either the coil in its condition was effective
against magnetic mines or Wolsey was lucky and the passage was made
safely. The phosphorescence was extremely noticeable and
several aircraft were heard, so Wolsey proceeded at 12 knots for
the first hour and a half.
Secured alongside Admiralty Wharf to disembark troops, and then secured
to a buoy to effect repairs to the DG Coil. At 1300 Wolsey reported
ready for sea.
Sailed for Portsmouth for repairs to collision damage.
A Brief Account of the collision with TS Roebuck
TS Roebuck (11) was
a British Rail ferry built in 1925 operating from Weymouth to the
Channel Islands, a service which came to an abrupt halt when the
Channel Islands was occupied on 30 June 1940. My Mother was on holiday
in Jersey with her sister's family and left on one of the last ferries.
She was pregnant and had she "missed the boat" I would been born on
German occupied territory.
On reaching Weymouth on the 29 May 1940 Roebuck was
requisitioned for immediate service at Dover and two days
later on 31 May she was ordered to Le Penn nine miles east of Dunkirk.
When approaching the coast she was struck in the stern by HMS Wolsey but was able to continue. She took on board 550 troops including 45 stretcher cases and 70 other wounded and sailed for Dover.
As described by
Lt.Cdr. Colin Henry Campbell, RN in his Report of Proceedings:
"HMS Wolsey was proceeding to Dunkirk along Route X, and shortly before entering Dunkirk approach channel TS Roebuck was observed by me about one mile on port bow steering roughly a parallel course.
Wolsey altered (probably to port) round No 5 buoy to new course 090. SS Roebuck
was then sighted on the port bow about 6-7 cables distant, entering the
approach channel between nos 5 and 7 buoys, and steering a course
nearly at right angles to the channel.
I held my course and speed and TS Roebuck
came right across the channel across my bows. When it was seen that
collision was imminent I ordered Full Speed Astern Both, and then
ordered Hard a Starboard, sounding three blasts. This appeared to cause TS Roebuck to sight me for
the first time and she altered to port. Collision was nearly avoided,
the large iron-bound rubbing strake of TS Roebuck causing most of the damage to Wolsey."
Remarks: SS Roebuck was not keeping a proper lookout. Once Wolsey had altered to Port she had right of way. It is unlikely that any damage was sustained by Roebuck.
Acting Leading Seaman Dennis Philip Arthur Gilbert C/JX 151519 was awarded the DSM "for good services in the withdrawal of Allied Armies from the beaches at Dunkirk".
He became an A/ Gnr, Cd Gnr and Lt and retired from the Navy in 1956 with the rank of Lt Cdr.
Escorting East Coast Convoys
HMS Wolsey escorting East Coast Convoys in 1944 Her Pennant Number changed to LO2 in January 1940 after her conversion to a WAIR anti-aircraft destroyer Photographed by Lt Cdr John E Manners RNfrom HMS Viceroy
John Kenneth Dixon (JX350561)
was born on the 5th June 1923, at 235, Tichfield Terrace, Pegswood,
Morpeth in Northumberlad the eldest son of Barbara (nee Dinsdale) and
Edward Stanley Dixon. He gives a brief account of how he came to join
the Navy and the ships in which he served on the web:
"In 1939, I
joined the sea cadets in the city of Kingston upon Hull and remained
with them until I volunteered for the Royal Navy on the 5/3/1942 and
was released to unpaid reserve the same day. On the 7/4/42 I received
my calling up papers with a railway warrant to report to HMS Ganges, situated near Shotley in Suffolk. In peacetime, Ganges was a training school for boys wishing to serve in the Royal Navy.
On reporting to the main gate, I was directed to a building where my
naval uniform and other equipment would be issued to me. The staff
behind the counter asked me the relevant questions, such as height,
chest, and waist measurements, leg length, size of boots and finally
I was issued with TWO of everything, the two blue uniforms, which were
referred to as Number Ones (best uniform) and Number twos (working
uniform). Two pair of overalls (for working party duties). Blue collars
(2), Blue jerseys (2) for winter wear, White shirts, the neck with blue
edging (2) for summer wear, 1 Lanyard, 1 knife, 1 money belt,
underpants (2), vests (2), socks (2), boots (2). Caps, one white the
other black, & H.M.S. cap bands (2). 1 Silk black band. 1 Topcoat
(1) kit bag to put them in and finally a small brown case to hold such
items as shaving gear, sewing needles etc. I was issued with two white
uniforms (for tropical service), these were recalled at a later date."
After Ganges his first "attachment" was to the Chaham Naval Barracks:
Ganges I was told that I had been selected as a CW (Commissioned
Warrant) rating, which required me to get 6 months actual sea-time
experience. If and when this had been achieved, I would be sent to an
officers training school.
My first day on the working party parade I was detailed as a messenger,
operating from the officers' ward block. It was a nice clean detail
with one or two "perks" from the officers' dining room; it also kept me
out of the way of the "Justamo", (a verbal distortion of the word
"Gestapo".) They were the "policemen" of the Depot, they were always
stopping and questioning, wanting to know where you are coming from and
going to. Medical check-ups were part of the routine of being drafted
to & returning from a ship. They were very necessary, considering
the close living arrangements in the Depot and even more so aboard
ship. Basically, it was a visual inspection by a Doctor once you had
removed all your clothing. I would like to say at this point that all
ratings had to take their hammocks where ever they were drafted to.
A further tale of a stay in Chatham Depot was the sleeping
arrangements. Every night, unless you were ashore on all night leave or
on duty, you had to take your hammock down the "Tunnel" and "sling it",
an expression, meaning that you had to suspend your hammock anywhere
you can find two hooks. This was a system of tunnels that had been
driven into the natural contours of the chalk hills within the Depot
perimeters. They were really underground air raid shelters constructed
not unlike London's underground. You had to "sling" your hammock on the
support girders of the tunnel where ever possible.
He writes well and I have "borrowed" his description of the two months he spent on HMS Wolsey escorting East Coast convoys:
"I was drafted to HMS Wolsey
a V and W class Destroyer and served aboard her from 26 March until the
10 May 1943 (Penant D98 launched 14/5/1918 changed to LO2 in 1939,Speed
35 knots, scrapped in 1947). Her sea duties were to escort east coast
shipping from the mouth of the River Thames northwards to Dunfirmline
on the Firth of Forth, and back down to the Thames. This run was
nicknamed the Tramlines but as the Thames was approached the nickname
changed to E-Boat Alley. By day we were attacked by enemy aircraft and
at night by the E Boats. The E Boat was a very fast craft, its main
armament being her torpedoes, plus light machines guns. Obviously the
main object was to sink ships. Under the cover of darkness they would
tie up to one of the many buoys that were anchored to the sea bed all
the way down the east coast. These marker buoys, in peace time, were
there to mark out the north south sea lanes. The E Boats with their
engines muffled for silent running, waited for a passing convoy. They
would attack at full speed making a run at the vessel of their
choosing. Our four inch guns were not able to lay and train to fire at
such a low target in the water. Small arms were used to ward off these
attacks and some times we were successful.
After the war I chanced to meet an ex German prisoner of war who had
served on E-Boats. He was interned in a camp near the town of Market
Weighton in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. When the time came
to be repatriated he chose to remain in that area. He had become fluent
in English by the time I met him. In conversation I told him that I had
served in the R.Navy and no doubt we might have chased each other up
and down E Boat Alley. He admitted to me that the day he was captured
was the best thing that had happened to him. I found him to be a
One particular day as we were sailing north, a small fleet of fishing
vessels was sited as they were returning to their home port of Whitby.
The Captain hailed one of them to come along side and made arrangments
to take on board a supply of fish. We then went ahead at half speed and
dropped a depth charge with a deep setting. The explosion brought to
the surface enough stunned fish to compensate the fishermen. As the Wolsey
was going in for repairs on its arrival back at Sheerness, in the
Thames Estuary, I was quite prepared for my draft back to Chatham
Depot. It was the C.W. six month sea time Syndrome once again."
Although he was a CW Candidate,
selected as suitable for Officer Trainnig after six months seatime,
there is no further reference to this in his account and one must
assume he was not commissioned and remained a rating throught his
wartime service in the Navy. I am trying to contact him via the e-mail
address given on his website to find out more about his time at sea.